We are dividing our discussion here into two parts;
1- Fine lines and Wrinkles
2- Blemish and Acne
Fine Lines and Wrinkle
Everyone will eventually experience fine lines and wrinkles. Fine lines and wrinkles are the breakdowns of collagen and elastin.
Why Fine lines and Wrinkle appear?
In younger skin, collagen and elastin are joined together and provide the firmness and bounce back to the skin. As the skin age, the collagen and elastin separated and start to break down. This causes sagging, wrinkles, and loss of firmness in the skin. Besides collagen and elastin breakdown, other factors contribute to a fine line and wrinkle concern.
The decrease in cell turnover and oil production. Young skin takes 30 days for a dead skin cell to reach the surface while aging skin takes up to 60 days. Slower cell turnover affects the appearance of the skin by making it look dull and lost of radiant.
The decrease in oil production turns the skin dry and dead. Free radical damage also creates fine lines and wrinkles. Below are some great skincare ingredient and routine that helps address fine lines and wrinkle concern.
Possible methods to Reduce Wrinkles and Fine lines
Antioxidants protect skin from free radical damage, and visually improve the signs of environmental damage. Antioxidant includes vitamins A, C, and E. You can find antioxidant in certain fruits, such as pomegranate or grapes. Skincare products that contain antioxidants include Self-Defense Vital Antioxidant Moisture, or Origins A Perfect World Antioxidant Moisturizer with White Tea.
Peptide supports the body’s natural collagen and elastin. They keep collagen and elastin firm and plump longer. Skincare products that contain peptide include Kate Somerville Deep Tissue Repair Cream with Peptide K, or Perricone MD Hypoallergenic Peptide Complex.
Retinoids improve the skin’s natural cell turnover and renewal. Retinoids are a form of vitamin A that supports cell turnover making the top layer of the skin more sensitive to sun exposure, so also used sunscreen to protect the skin. Most anti-aging skincare nowadays contains retinoids.
Use of Exfoliator
Exfoliators help with the removal of dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, resulting in new cells that appear fuller and more brilliant. Exfoliate regularly with chemical, enzymatic, and physically.
Blemish and Acne
Blemishes are basically layers of dead cells which continues to create a wall on the keratin layer. Some of these dead skin cells can block the pore, causing a clog or plug.
Why Blemish and Acne appear?
Excess oil, hormones, and genetics all can be the reason of excessive oil and results in sticking of dead cells to adhere to the surface of the skin. This can invite bacteria to start their breeding and create wrinkles and destroy the skin.
Also, if a pore is plugged with dead skin cells, this excess oil can become trapped. P. Acnes Bacteria is when excess oil is on the surface of the skin or trapped in pores with dead skin cell, P. Acnes Bacteria will grow and add to the inflamed pore.
Possible methods to reduce Blemish and Acne
Use of Acids in diet
Blemishes and acne can be cured by alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), sulfur, retinoids, and benzoyl peroxide.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) unglue the lipids that hold cells together to exfoliate dead skin cells on the surface of the skin. AHAs are a chemical defoliant; they remove surface dead skin cells without using a physical or manual scrub. This is great for treating acne skin concerns.
Some examples types of alpha hydroxyl acids, glycolic formulated from sugar, lactic from dairy, malic from apple, tartaric from grapes, and citric from citrus fruits.
Beta hydroxy acid exfoliates dead skin cells and helps reduce oil inside pores. BHAs can work inside the pore where they exfoliate dead skin cells and thin oil. Many of the spot treatments contain BHAs. The usual BHA is salicylic acid which can perform effectively.
Use of Sulfur
Sulfur is an ideal ingredient for oil control and another great spot treatment ingredient. It is like an oil vacuum. Sulfur sits on the surface of the skin and draws excess oil out of the pore as it dries. Sulfur also an excellent ingredient for anyone who would like a masque to help control oil.
Use of Retinoids
Retinoids improve the skin’s natural cell turnover and renewal, which help renew the skin to push out the acne.
Use of Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is very effective for killing P. Acne bacteria on the surface of the skin and inside the pores. However, the daily use of benzoyl peroxide might be too harsh, which causes drying. Alternating nights may be a solution for this. Benzoyl peroxide may bleach towels and clothing; be careful when cleansing or use a white towel.