How to Understand Dark Spots and Uneven Skin Tone

Many people are looking for a solution to dark spots and uneven skin tone.

What causes dark spots? 

Well – dark spots are caused by excessive production of melanin, which gives the skin its color, due to excessive exposure to the sun. Dark spots are also elements of the dead pigmentation cell in the skin, making it look unbalanced. Also, dark spots can be the result of inflammation due to injury, post-acne damage, and reactions of sensitivity. A change in hormone level can result in a melasma or pregnancy mask.

Remedies for Dark Spot

Now that we have a basic knowledge of dark spots are formed, let discuss what can treat it.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that has brightening benefits for the skin, which also can address fine line and wrinkle. Vitamin C helps support the body’s ability to naturally minimize melanin. This helps improve the appearance of dark spots.

***Vitamin C serum and moisturizer are being used day and night for the best result. ***


Hydroquinone is a lightening ingredient that slows down the production of melanin in the skin. It is used to treat hyperpigmentation, including freckles, age or sun spots, post-inflammatory pigmentation, post-acne spots, and melasma pregnancy mask. Hydroquinone comes with up to 2% concentration in over – the – counter products in the states.

***For the best result from hydroquinone – use in the evening due to increased sun sensitivity, and only apply it to the darkened area on the skin. ***

Botanical Brighteners

Botanical brighteners are brightening ingredients derived from plant sources, which can be used a.m. and p.m. Botanical brighteners work by slowing down the production of melanin in the skin. Daily sunscreen is recommended to avoid new brown spots and protect from sun damage. Some of the botanical brighteners are Kojic acid (found in mushroom), Arbutin (found in berries), and licorice extract (found in the plant, not in the candy).

*** Because botanical brighteners are a natural source of ingredients, it is perfect to be used day and night. ****


I cannot stretch this enough, but retinoids are one of the most important ingredients that can fix any type of skin concern. Retinoids help diminish acne and blemish and smoothing fine lines and wrinkles.  Retinoids improve the skin’s natural cell turnover and renewal, so retinoids are good for people with dark spots or uneven tone concerns by pushing the new skin faster.

*** Retinoids are to be used at night time. Products that contain a high percentage of retinoids should be used every other day, or every two days to prevent dryness. ***


Don’t forget to exfoliate regularly… Exfoliator helps with removing dead skin from the skin’s surface, which results in new cells for smooth and brighter skin texture. Exfoliator removes uneven skin tone, smoothing fine lines and wrinkles, remove acne, and dead dull skin.


People with dark spots and even skin tone must use sunscreen protection regularly because it protected the skin from further damage. Vitamin C, hydroquinone, botanical brighteners, and retinoids can cause the skin to become more sensitive to the sun and vulnerable to more dark spots, so you must always pair it with a broad-spectrum sunscreen

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